In today’s digital age, the online learning process has become commonplace in the educational world. With the existence of qualified technology, the learning process can not only be done in the classroom, but can also be done online with various learning methods.
Since the Covid-19 pandemic, online learning has become increasingly popular. Starting in 2020, more and more schools and universities are implementing online learning systems to prevent the transmission of the Covid-19 virus.
When online learning was first implemented, several parties criticized this system as ineffective. In fact, online learning can be applied effectively with the benefits it has.
Benefits of online learning
Apart from all the criticisms of online learning, this system has advantages that can support the learning process well. The benefits of online learning are summarized below:
The rapid development of today’s technology is causing many changes in everyday life, including changes in the world of education.
The online learning method is close to student life these days. The students were able to adapt to new learning systems, in addition to the classroom system.
According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, in 2018 there was an increase in the number of mobile phone users to 62.41% and there was 20.05% computer ownership by households in Indonesia. These data indicate a growing knowledge of technology.
With knowledge of technology and student-owned access to computers and the Internet, students can also more easily adapt to online learning methods that generally rely on resources available on the Internet.
Effective and practical
If face-to-face learning requires teachers and students to be present in the classroom to participate in the teaching and learning process, online learning methods provide more convenience for this.
Online learning methods can provide a number of benefits that are not obtained through a face-to-face system. These benefits can be felt in terms of time, cost, and even experience.
With the implementation of online learning methods, teachers and students have more time to carry out learning activities. The existence of a simple online communication process makes the learning system more flexible.
In addition, online learning also has costs. Teachers and students only need to pay for an internet connection to run the class.
In terms of experience, teachers and students will gain more experience in the teaching and learning process through online methods. This can happen due to the large number of resources and variations of online learning and teaching methods,
Unlike face-to-face learning, where learning resources are limited to what is in the classroom, such as blackboards and notebooks, online learning offers more variety of resources in the teaching and learning process.
Online learning methods force teachers and students to design more effective learning strategies. Examples of online learning methods resources can be in the form of developing tasks, quizzes, or learning methods.
Some of the resources that result from increasing the creativity of educators and students through online methods include the use of learning through magazines, e-books and even online discussion forums that are not obtained through face-to-face learning systems. .
Variety of online learning methods
With all the benefits to be gained from online learning methods, teachers and students can tailor the learning methods to the needs of their respective classes. There are several types of online learning methods that can be applied:
Synchronous learning process
Synchronized learning is the most widely used learning system since time immemorial. This learning process is called synchronous learning because the teacher and students are present to carry out the teaching and learning process at the same time.
The application method can be done in person or online. In the classroom, this method has been used since time immemorial, meeting teachers and students directly in the classroom to carry out the learning process.
While in the online learning method, the synchronous learning process can be seen in the widespread use of online media like Google Classroom, Skype, Zoom Meeting, etc.
The synchronous online learning process is generally carried out through online media applications that connect teachers and students at mutually agreed times and times.
By implementing the synchronous learning process, teachers and students can achieve the following benefits:
- More flexible times to carry out the teaching and learning process.
- There is a direct interaction between teachers and students.
- You can participate in the learning process with an unlimited number of participants, such as national and international webinars.
- Asynchronous learning process (asynchronous learning)
- The asynchronous learning process is a learning system that does not require teachers and students to complete the learning process in a mutually agreed time.
This learning process allows teachers to submit materials, after which students can study and process these materials in a more flexible time.
Asynchronous learning methods have become increasingly popular since Covid-19, with schools, courses, and even seminars taking place online. This online learning process allows students to learn the material anytime, anywhere.
These are the benefits that can be felt with the asynchronous learning method:
- Teachers have flexible time to prepare learning materials.
- Students have more time to study and repeat course material.
- Applicable everywhere, even in different time zones.
- You don’t have to worry about connecting to the internet because you don’t have to be present at the same time.
- Blended learning process
As the name suggests, the blended learning process is a combination of synchronous and asynchronous learning systems.
This online blended learning system allows teachers and students to tailor the two learning methods to the needs of their respective classes.
Teachers and students can agree to implement an asynchronous system, where students have more time to explore the material, but teachers and students can also discuss the material more deeply through a synchronous learning system.
This balance of synchronous and asynchronous learning systems enables educators and students to have a more effective and immersive teaching and learning experience.
These are the benefits that can be obtained by applying the blended learning process:
- Students have more opportunities to understand and learn the subject.
- Teachers have more access to help students who have difficulty understanding material through a mixed synchronous and asynchronous system.
- The balance between synchronous and asynchronous methods makes students more agile and disciplined.
- Read more about the benefits of the blended learning method here in our previous overview of the benefits of the blended learning method.
Along with the development of time and technology, more and more changes are taking place in everyday life, including the teaching and learning process that continues to evolve and vary.
One of the advances in the world of education is the application of online learning methods that emphasize the use of technology and information. Also, there are different types of online learning methods that can be used depending on the needs of the classroom.